On a frizzing and wet Wednesday afternoon (about -2°C), precisely on November 23rd, we decided to take the shuttle bus to Glendon campus to take some photographs for the blogpost assignment. We were assigned both segment 4 of the Don’s riverbank and the state of the trail. We began by the trail and here are some of the photographs we got:
Above we can see that the trail is made with muddy soil (it had rained and snowed a few days before), in a fairly good shape, with bare trees and smaller plants bording it, we can recognize Canada thistle (invasive species) and tall goldenrod (native, good point here). Some dead barks can be seen outside the trail, but they do not cross it. The number of different species present here seems to be quite high.
Above, a lots of fallen leaves are present but not on the trail. We notice the presence of a non-identified species of bush with red wood, and a little individual of a pince species.
On this part of the trail (above and below) small vegetation are practically inexistent. Only trees are present bordering the trail. A lot of fallen leaves cover the ground but the trail itself is still clear of it. The trail is bordered by rocks, maybe to delimitate it and prevent its degradation.
Below the leaves are also present on the trait, and the plant species richness is poorer. We can recognize among the fallen leaves oak and maple species.
Below the trail changes: it is not made of ground, it looks more like a road than a trail. Notice the presence of a garbage bin to encourage people not throw their litter on the ground. The litlle vegetation that we could see in the previous photographes are inexistent here, close to the road there is no small plants, probably a result of frequent passage of motorized vehicles, since it is more a road than anything else at this point.
Afterwards we went to segment 4 of the riverbank, where we took these photographs:
We can see some dog-strangling vine, and trees that according to the aspect of the leaves might be black cherries, a native species said to be very important to forest wildlife because of its fruit (but not for the humans because the cherries apparently are edible but with a harsh bitterness).
The rivebanks themselves are not equal: we can see that the side where we took the photographs from is more elevated and contains more vegetation than the other side, which is only made of mud and really flat, with some dead barks lying across it. We can hypothesized that trees and plants on our side of the banks are a good way to help stabilizing the riverbank and prevent the erosion. Indeed, according by a Watershed Restoration Project Report made in 1995 in British Columbia, the use of plants to stailize riverbanks is centuries old. They also precised that to prevent soil erosion, covering method is used by using a lots of plants such as grasses and herbs per unit areas, and that a structure made only by living material can improve slope stability. Materials such as timber, concrete, rocks and dead branches can be used as support constructions if plants and trees are not enough. Using living materials have also several advantages that the author of the report listed: