The 3 main objectives of CBD are:
- The conservation of biological diversity
- The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity
- The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources
CBD addresses biodiversity issues as a whole; all ecosystems, species, and genetic resources are covered. Almost the entire world is a member of the CBD, with the exception to 3 countries- USA, Andorra, and Somalia.